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Food & Nutrition Policy

Animating Questions

  • How can exploring social safety net and farm to institution economics lead to improved public health outcomes, particularly for marginalized populations?
  • Where are gaps in public health policy and practice?
  • How do people experiencing food insecurity cope with those challenges and navigate food systems and social programs?
  • How can we invest differently to effectively address food insecurity?

Projects

Peer Reviewed Research Papers

Photo by Kendel Media

Combatting illegal fishing through transparency initiatives: Lessons learned from comparative analysis of transparency initiatives in seafood, apparel, extractive, and timber supply chains

John Virdin, Tibor Vegh, Blake Ratcliff, Elizabeth Havice, Jack Daly, Jack Stuart. Combatting illegal fishing through transparency initiatives : Lessons learned from comparative analysis of transparency initiatives in seafood, apparel, extractive, and timber supply chains. Marine Policy, Volume 138, 2022, 104984, ISSN 0308-597X, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2022.104984.

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Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Food Pantry Use and Barriers in Massachusetts during the First Year of the COVID-19 Pandemic

Marriott JP, Fiechtner L, Birk NW, Taitelbaum D, Odoms-Young A, Wilson NL, Clay LA, Zack RM. Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Food Pantry Use and Barriers in Massachusetts during the First Year of the COVID-19 Pandemic. Nutrients. 2022; 14(12):2531. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14122531

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grocery shopping

Is it more convenient to waste? Trade-offs between grocery shopping and waste behaviors

Ellison, B., Fan, L., & Wilson, N. L. W. (2022). Is it more convenient to waste? trade-offs between grocery shopping and waste behaviors. Agricultural Economics, 00, 1– 15. https://doi.org/10.1111/agec.12720

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Food Choice With Economic Scarcity and Time Abundance: A Qualitative Study

Folta, Sara C., Oyedolapo Anyanwu, Jennifer Pustz, Jennifer Oslund, Laura Paige Penkert, and Norbert Wilson. “Food Choice With Economic Scarcity and Time Abundance: A Qualitative Study.” Health Education & Behavior : The Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education 49, no. 1 (February 2022): 150–58. https://doi.org/10.1177/10901981211045926.

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Durham Impact Map

Visualizing the food landscape of Durham, North Carolina

Joseph L. Graves III, Gizem Templeton, Lauren Davis, Seong-Tae Kim. Visualizing the food landscape of Durham, North Carolina. Stat, Volume 10, Issue 1, December 2021, e347.

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composting

What food waste solutions do people support?

Linlin Fan, Brenna Ellison, Norbert L.W. Wilson; What Food Waste Solutions do People Support?; Journal of Cleaner Production 3030 (2022) 129907. https//doi.org/10.1016/j.clepro.2021.129907

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Micropantry research

Understanding Micro-pantries as an Emergency Food Source During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Norbert L W Wilson, Larissa Calancie, Janna Adkins, Sara C Folta, Understanding Micro-pantries as an Emergency Food Source During the COVID-19 Pandemic, J Nutr Educ Behav. 2022 Apr;54(4):299-310. doi: 10.1016/j.jneb.2021.11.002. Epub 2022 Jan 14.

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Grocery receipts

Putting grocery food taxes on the table: Evidence for food security policy-makers

Yuqing Zheng, Jianqiang (Jason) Zhao, Steven Buck, Shaheer Burney, Harry M. Kaiser, Norbert L. Wilson. Putting grocery food taxes on the table: Evidence for food security policy-makers. Food Policy 101 (2021) 102098

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Fish

Recognize fish as food in policy discourse and development funding

Bennett, A., Basurto, X., Virdin, J. et al. Recognize fish as food in policy discourse and development funding. Ambio50, 981–989 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-020-01451-4

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Teenagers in Ghana

Role of food aid and assistance in addressing the double burden of malnutrition in Ghana: a qualitative policy analysis

Torto NM, Brownell KD. Role of food aid and assistance in addressing the double burden of malnutrition in Ghana: a qualitative policy analysis. BMJ Nutrition, Prevention & Health 2020; 3:doi: 10.1136/bmjnph-2020-000136

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Reports

Cover for Report - Opportunities for the Committee on World Food Security

Opportunities for the Committee on World Food Security – Post Food Systems Summit 2021

This paper is a think-piece on the role of the Committee on World Food Security (CFS) in supporting outcomes associated with the Food Systems Summit (FSS). It explores key questions the CFS and its advocates are likely to grapple with moving forward. The goal of the analysis is to identify potential pathways for the CFS within the global governance environment, as policymakers attempt to spur action toward the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The CFS is a multi-stakeholder, intergovernmental forum in the United Nations (UN) system that develops and endorses global policy recommendations related to food security and nutrition. It does…

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Report Cover - The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on US Hunger Relief Organizations

Survey Analysis: The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on U.S. Hunger Relief Organizations (August-November 2020)

This study is a detailed and nuanced story about COVID-19’s impact on food insecurity in the U.S. through the experiences of private, charitable non-profit organizations. These Hunger Relief Organizations (HROs), such as Food Banks, food pantries, and anti-hunger Advocacy Organizations, were on the front lines of food assistance, ensuring people who were in need got access to food during the most worrisome months of the pandemic. This research sampled the experiences and activities of these HROs across the U.S. from June through September 2020. Goals of the research inquiry To document the actions, needs, barriers, and successes of Hunger Relief…

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Cover Image - Communities in Partnership Case Study

Food Justice Case Study: Communities in Partnership

This report presents a multi-year case study of Communities in Partnership (CIP), a predominantly Black women-led, Black women founded, community-accountable organization that addresses social determinants of health through interconnected programs addressing food justice, entrepreneurship, and workforce development, affordable housing, transformative justice, and leadership development. This case study is intended to maintain its specificity and local contextuality while pointing to some key themes that may have broader utility for other organizations. This report is co-authored by the World Food Policy Center (WFPC) and CIP. These organizations have collaborated on community participatory research & capacity-building projects for over four years. The WFPC…

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Cover Image - NC Food System Resilience Stratey

Research Brief: North Carolina Food System Resilience Strategy

This strategy brief focuses on North Carolina and contextualizes the current moment against the historical landscape. The audience for this project is philanthropy. As a group with substantial power, it asks how philanthropy can be a partner to address some of the most entrenched inequities. How, in other words, can philanthropy help create more equity and resiliency in the North Carolina food system? COVID-19’s effect on the food system has been complex. Despite the pandemic’s initial shock to supply chains, the system has largely functioned as intended. Yet that is not necessarily a relief for many, who have experienced harm…

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Impact of COVID-19 on Restaurants in Durham, NC

Impact of COVID-19 on Restaurants in Durham, North Carolina June-September 2020

The COVID-19 pandemic affected industries where indoor person-to-person contact is the norm. This study documents the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic-related government restrictions on the Durham, North Carolina restaurant industry by late summer of 2020. Sixty-four restaurant businesses in Durham, North Carolina participated in the survey between June-September 2020. Participating restaurants were mainly locally-owned businesses. The survey captured the type of restaurants (e.g. range of annual sales, ownership, etc.); the impact of COVID-19 on sales, employees, supply chains, support needed by the restaurant industry; and additional commentary in order to give space to elaborate. Key Takeaways More than 70% of…

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Cover Image - NC Food System Resilience Stratey

North Carolina Food System Resilience Strategy

This project focuses on North Carolina and contextualizes the current moment against the historical landscape. The audience for this project is philanthropy. As a group with substantial power, it asks how philanthropy can be a partner to address some of the most entrenched inequities. How, in other words, can philanthropy help create more equity and resiliency in the North Carolina food system? A Strategy Brief version of the report is also available.

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Racial Inequities in Food Systems – An Analysis of the Mexican and Brazilian Cases

The goal of this project was to analyze how racial inequities play out in food systems in Mexico and Brazil, as well as to identify gaps in the existing scholarship on the topic in these countries. The Latin American narrative of racial mixing creating post-racial societies (known as mestizaje/mestiçagem) is the backdrop for this analysis. Although large racial disparities show up in both countries’ food systems, ideas of mestizaje heavily influence the scholarship produced on the topic and often obscure the racial aspect of social inequities. Executive Summary The majority of the literature on the topic of racial inequities in…

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The Practitioner Landscape: How Faith Communities are Involved in Food Systems Work

This project examines the landscape of organizations operating in the United States at the intersection of food and faith across Christian, Muslim, and Jewish religions, in addition to the spiritual traditions of several Indigenous communities in the United States. Entities working within the food and faith space include: faith communities, faith-based non-profit organizations, individual faith practitioners, and academic and philanthropic institutions. The goal was to understand the theological basis for faith-community involvement with the food system, to map the faith-practitioner landscape of activities related to food, and to identify trends. Faith communities are involved in a variety of political and…

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Research Brief: The Financing Landscape for Agricultural Development – An Assessment of External Financing Flows to Low- and Middle-Income Countries and of the Global Aid Architecture

Key Messages Overall financing landscape and architecture SDG2 needs a coordinated global financing strategy and commitments for increased public and private investment in agricultural development. Agricultural development funders should differentiate between the use of grants and loans more strategically, and use grant funding for: 1) de-risking private sector investment by providing first loss funds, for example; 2) directly funding non-state actors such as producer organizations; 3) soft investments governments would not use loans for, such as technical assistance, capacity building, farmer trainings, greater beneficiary consultation and evaluation services; 4) global public goods such as agriculture research, better data systems and…

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The Financing Landscape for Agricultural Development: An Assessment of External Financing Flows to Low- and Middle-Income Countries and of the Global Aid Architecture

Pre-COVID-19 pandemic, progress was already stalling for achieving Sustainable Development Goal #2 “SDG2”: to end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture. The global pandemic has only heightened food security concerns globally, and indebted countries have fewer resources available to address this crisis. Certainly resource mobilization and action at the country level is needed, but donors also play a key role by providing official development assistance (ODA). Nutrition, emergency, and humanitarian aid interventions are critical to progress for SDG2, but so is investment in the production side of the system: agricultural development and ensuring producer livelihoods.…

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