Jack Daly served as a research associate with the WFPC from 2020 through 2023. His research focused on food systems and global institutions, and the impact of conflict on food system sustainability and resilience. Jack also served as Business Manager for the WFPC from September 2022 to July 2023, helping provide analysis of the center’s financial outlook while assisting with administrative responsibilities. Prior to joining the center, he worked at the Global Value Chains Center at Duke University, where he specialized in research based on the Global Value Chains (GVC) methodology to examine supply chain and firm dynamics across multiple sectors. He has field research experience in Asia, Africa and the Caribbean. He is a graduate of N.C. State’s Masters of International Studies program.
Research at the WFPC
Feed the Future and Conflict Integration: A Toolkit for Programming
This USAID toolkit is a groundbreaking effort to ensure that all investments under the United States Government’s Global Food Security Strategy integrate conflict. The better we understand the connections between conflict and food systems, the better we can meet the goals of the Feed the Future Initiative while also contributing to a more peaceful world. Fragility, conflict, and violence can easily undermine progress under Feed the Future, but there are steps we can take to mitigate these dynamics and capitalize on opportunities for peace throughout our programming.
Moving the Needle on Global Food Systems Financing: Translating Evidence from Health to Agriculture Development Finance
Duke University’s World Food Policy Center partnered with the Duke Center for Policy Impact in Global Health at Duke University and Open Consultants to explore how innovative approaches from the global health sector can be adapted to food systems financing to ensure we are more resilient to avoid or better address future crises. We acknowledge that there are important differences between the health sector and the agriculture and food sectors. However, the dramatic innovation in pandemic response from the health sector provides a source of new ideas for the agriculture and food security sectors. With lessons from the health sector as a lens, we conducted desk research, and key informant interviews and two focus groups (both referred to in this report as KIIs) to explore: the role of grant-based mechanisms, resource mobilization with a focus on innovative financing mechanisms, crisis coordination, and global functions (i.e. activities with transnational benefits).
Water and Conflict: A Toolkit for Programming
This practical toolkit explains the connection between water management and key risk factors associated with conflict, provides avenues for addressing those links, and suggests ways to incorporate conflict integration into WSSH programming. Its primary audience is implementing partners for water programming and USAID staff or other stakeholders who work to advance the whole-of-government White House Water Security Action Plan, the U.S. Government Global Water Strategy, and the associated USAID Agency Plan.While the toolkit is intended to guide design, implementation, and monitoring, evaluation, and learning (MEL) across all USAID WSSH programming, it is particularly relevant for programs that fall under Strategic Objective 4 of the 2022 Global Water Strategy: Anticipate and reduce conflict and fragility related to water. This toolkit is intended to serve as a resource for any organization working on issues related to WSSH to become more sensitive to conflict intersections with water programming.
Opportunities for the Committee on World Food Security: Post Food Systems Summit 2021
This paper is a think-piece on the role of the Committee on World Food Security (CFS) in supporting outcomes associated with the Food Systems Summit (FSS). It explores key questions the CFS and its advocates are likely to grapple with moving forward. The goal of the analysis is to identify potential pathways for the CFS within the global governance environment, as policymakers attempt to spur action toward the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This project was an outgrowth of conversations in 2021 between the World Food Policy Center at Duke University and other stakeholders with interests in the global food governance architecture. Animating questions for the report include the following:
- What role could the CFS play in implementing or supporting the policy initiatives that emerged from the FSS?
- What within the CFS structures or procedures could be optimized to allow it to meet the opportunities associated with the FSS?
The analysis in this report draws from: 1) a literature review; 2) semi-structured interviews with key officials and academics familiar with the CFS, FSS, and the global food governance landscape; 3) an expert roundtable; and 4) an advisory group of faculty with expertise in global health, defense, international development, and international organizational design.
Combatting illegal fishing through transparency initiatives: Lessons learned from comparative analysis of transparency initiatives in seafood, apparel, extractive, and timber supply chains
Over the last two decades, efforts to combat illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing have led to an expansion of initiatives to enhance transparency across the seafood industry through international agreements, national government regulations, and voluntary private initiatives. Understanding of the effects of these initiatives remains limited, and approaches contested among stakeholders. Yet similar transparency initiatives introduced in recent decades across other sectors whose goal is to expand sustainability in global supply chains, may offer applicable lessons for seafood sustainability. Through a comparative review of transparency initiatives adopted in apparel, extractives, and timber supply chains, this study draws out lessons to inform efforts to expand transparency in seafood supply chains in order to combat illegal fishing.
North Carolina Food System Resilience Strategy
This strategy brief focuses on North Carolina and contextualizes the current moment against the historical landscape. The audience for this project is philanthropy. As a group with substantial power, it asks how philanthropy can be a partner to address some of the most entrenched inequities. How, in other words, can philanthropy help create more equity and resiliency in the North Carolina food system? We present a summary of how the NC philanthropic community engages with the food system. This summation was developed through surveys and interviews of members of the North Carolina Network of Grantmakers to identify the strategies of in-state organizations. These research instruments allowed us to recognize five findings:
- NC philanthropic organizations focus on food insecurity with emergency food aid that aligns with the Charity Framework.
- Most NC organizations have a limited footprint in other aspects of the food system.
- Increased flexibility with program funds and devoting additional resources to fight food insecurity were the most common responses to COVID-19.
- Equity considerations are increasingly important, although many organizations are still determining how best to articulate their strategies.
- There is a spirit of cooperation among NC funders, but not necessarily concrete collaborative structures or collective leadership.
The Critical Actions named in this report are the result of a year-long process, led by food justice leaders from rural, urban, and peri-urban communities across North Carolina. While we envision a just, resilient, and equitable network of locally controlled community food systems in North Carolina, we wish to emphasize that no individual funder nor organization will be able to achieve that vision by themselves. The effort must be collective.
The Financing Landscape for Agricultural Development: An Assessment of External Financing Flows to Low- and Middle-Income Countries and of the Global Aid Architecture
This report takes stock of the donor investment landscape in agricultural development to inform discussions on ensuring adequate support for agriculture in low- and middle-income countries. It provides a financial landscaping assessment and an analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the global financing ecosystem for agriculture and four multilateral financing institutions: the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), the Global Agriculture and Food Security Program (GAFSP), the African Development Fund (ADF), and the International Development Association (IDA). This study used a mixed-methods approach, including an assessment of major financial databases (especially the Creditor Reporting System (CRS) by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Development Assistance Committee (DAC)), quantitative modelling, key informant interviews, a document review, and original analysis. It also makes recommendations to optimize official development assistance (ODA) allocations and improve this ecosystem.
High Level Commissions and Global Policymaking: Prospects for Accelerating Progress Towards SDG2
This paper assesses the potential and limits of a new high level commission in food and nutrition security (FNS) and agriculture. Our goal is not to advocate for a new commission. Instead, we scope what can be learned from previous similar efforts, and critically analyze whether the functions of a high level commission map on to current challenges in FNS and agriculture. Why have some high level commissions had important impact in shaping global politics while others have fallen flat? What, if anything, could a new commission on FNS and agriculture hope to achieve? And how should such a commission be organized and implemented to maximize its influence?